American heroes: ‘Dollar Bill’ and Stan the Man
A hero is someone you look up to, someone you can depend on in any situation, someone who would give up his or her life to save others.
I’ve been thinking about heroes ever since I met the writer, Joe McGinniss, at the Sydney Writer’s Festival last month (see previous blog: http://wp.me/p1Ytmx-4N ). McGinniss wrote a terrific book called Heroes in 1976, about spending three years searching for the “vanished American hero,” a futile search but a rewarding one for the reader. He was in Sydney to talk about his recent book, The Rogue, on former US Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin, but she certainly showed no signs of heroism. During his Festival discussion with Annabel Crabb, McGinniss mentioned his early career as a sportswriter with the Philadelphia Bulletin, and how he got into trouble with the city’s professional basketball team, the 76ers, by being critical of their star centre, Wilt Chamberlain. It was an example, McGinniss said, of how writing the truth about people could get you into hot water.
Any mention of heroes and basketball makes me think of a man who should have been president, and actually ran for the office in 2000, but suffered a few bouts of atrial fibrillation, and really didn’t have the numbers to defeat Al Gore for the Democratic nomination. He had to drop out of the race.
His name is Bill Bradley, a New Jersey Senator for 18 years, a Rhodes Scholar, a professional basketball player for the New York Knicks and a star forward for Princeton University, an author, a national radio host … and one of my heroes. I even wrote to his press secretary at the time, offering to help with his campaign, but they didn’t need anyone, and then it was all over. His nickname was “Dollar Bill,” which I always thought referred to his ability to hit the money shot, but apparently it was his ability to spend wisely!
I was wondering what Bradley was doing now, and was about to Google him when I tuned into this week’s Meet the Press, the long-running American version on NBC, now broadcast on the Seven Network on Monday mornings. And there he was on the last segment of the show, being interviewed by David Gregory, about his new book, We Can All Do Better. (http://on.msnbc.com/K8Uo1W)
It’s an idealistic, American view of what the individual can do to make the nation better. Bill Bradley is a straight shooter – in fact, he had one of the best jump shots I’ve ever seen – both on and off the court. It makes you wonder what would have happened had his heart problems not emerged during the campaign, and if he had managed to snare the nomination from Al Gore. Would he have been able to beat George W. Bush in an election that turned on hanging chads? I’d like to think so.
There are recommendations for the book on his website from businessmen, writers, former politicians and prominent media figures. Among them: former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger; presidential historian, Doris Kearns Goodwin; author and television presenter, Bill Moyers; former NBC News anchor, Tom Brokaw; former Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew; and CEO of Starbucks, Howard Schultz (Bradley’s a member of the Starbucks board of directors). You can read chapter one of We Can All Do Better on Bradley’s website: http://www.billbradley.com/
Bradley’s views on ethics in America are expressed in that chapter, which should resonate in Australia: “Everywhere people are making excuses for their failures, from the athletic field to the corporate boardroom, and then salving their mistakes in the warm balm of public relations … I had a friend who worked at the highest levels in three major investment banks over twenty-five years. He told me that once when he refused to work on a deal because he didn’t think it was right, the head of the firm came to him and said: ‘I know what we’re doing is unethical, even immoral, but I can assure you it’s not illegal’.”
And what he has to say about the media is incisive and accurate: “Exacerbating these failings is a mass media that champions the superficial, sensational and extreme view. Style, social trends, sports and popular culture are often covered in greater detail than foreign and economic policy … Thanks to demographic targeting, a TV network knows what the viewers of particular programs care about – what appeals to their tastes and moves them to action – and playing to these preconceived ideas ensures a high Nielsen rating and consequent healthy advertising revenues. Fox News Channel is one of the most profitable news organisations in the world.”
Lee Kuan Yew’s praise for Bradley’s thesis is particularly relevant for Australian politicians: “He is particularly incensed with the gridlock in the political system, that Congress is more interested in scoring partisan points rather than moved by what is for the common good. Bradley has a good grasp of the huge challenge China poses for America … and what it takes for America to compete with China.”
And while we’re on the subject of heroes, I came across another one after I ordered a book from Amazon by Jimmy Breslin (another of my heroes of the writing kind), a biography of the baseball magnate, Branch Rickey, who broke the color bar in the sport by signing the first African American player, Jackie Robinson, to his Brooklyn Dodgers. I’ve written about Rickey in another blog (http://wp.me/s1Ytmx-227 ).
Amazon had the usual come-on about the book on my other hero: “Customers who bought this item, also bought this one.” Well, they were right. I also bought the book about my favourite baseball player, Stan Musial, of the St Louis Cardinals. “Stan the Man,” as he was known, was one of the greatest baseballers of all time, and George Vecsey, a sports columnist for the New York Times, has written an excellent biography of the man who had to play in the shadow of Joe DiMaggio, the legendary New York Yankee, and Ted Williams, the Boston Red Sox slugger.
Stan Musial: An American Life is a classic tale of a Polish kid from small-town Pennsylvania, who’s humble, hard-working and has a dream – to play in the major leagues. It’s also the story of a kinder, gentler America in the 1940s, 50s and 60s, when neighbours were friendly, the suburbs were safe, the fathers put up lights on the roof at Christmas, and everybody went to church.
It was also a time of racism, and Breslin’s book on Branch Rickey and his fight to get Jackie Robinson into baseball chronicles that period. And Stan Musial, as one of baseball’s most respected players, got involved in the Robinson controversy, when a sportswriter reported that the St Louis Cardinals were planning to strike rather than play against the black Brooklyn Dodger in 1947.
The National League President, Ford Frick, gave the Cardinals owner this message for his team: “Tell them this is America, and baseball is America’s game. Tell them that if they go on strike, for racial reasons, or refuse to play a schedule game they will be barred from baseball even though it means the disruption of a club or whole league.”
Frick once said, according to Vecsey, that a “prominent player” on the Cardinals told people he did not care whether Jackie Robinson was white or black or green or yellow. On the Cardinals, there was only one prominent player – Stan Musial.
While Stan Musial might have backed Jackie Robinson, there’s another famous baseball writer, Roger Kahn, who has quoted Robinson as saying that both Musial and another Dodger player, Gil Hodges, were too passive in those crucial years. Musial, Robinson said, “was like Gil Hodges. A nice guy but when it came to what I had to do, neither one hurt me and neither one helped.”
Robinson did have players on the Dodgers, like Ralph Branca and “Pee Wee” Reese, who gave him public support. Racism, of course, still reverberates in Australian sport. There was a story in The Australian today about a Collingwood fan, whose membership was suspended, for racially abusing Nigerian-born Joel Wilkinson, a player for the Gold Coast Suns, at the match on Sunday. Wilkinson made a stand against racism by making the story public, and he said he was bolstered by the support of the Magpies’ Dale Thomas: “I was shocked when the incident took place and it was extremely upsetting at the time, but the actions of Dale Thomas and a number of Collingwood supporters in the area certainly demonstrate that the overwhelming majority of society finds this behaviour to be unacceptable.”
It took a long time before African-American players were fully accepted into major league baseball, but now many ethnic groups are involved in the sport. But racism still exists in America, as it does in Australia.
On a positive note, I can recommend Stan Musial: An American Life to any baseball aficionado, especially those interested in the US in the middle decades of the 20th Century … and, of course, fans of Stan the Man.